Understanding Household’s Travel Costs Budget Frontier in Banda Aceh, Indonesia

https://doi.org/10.26552/com.C.2021.2.A116-A124

Keywords: travel costs, budget, frontier, stochastic frontier, urban bus, Indonesia

Abstract

This study aims to explore the constraints of the Travel Costs Budget Frontier (TCBF) before a full-charged fare is implemented for the bus system known as the “Trans Koetaradja” in the city of Banda Aceh, Indonesia. A stochastic frontier analysis was used to identify how people allocate their share of income for transportation in line with their mobility and socio-demographic characteristics. The findings showed the TCBF to be influenced by commuting trip activities, private mode usage, owning car and motorcycle and income limits. Barriers were observed to be restricting the low-medium income groups. Owning their own private modes within the low-medium income groups does mean household disbursement and could impose their transport expenditure rather than public modes usage. There is a need to devise policies considering the low-medium incomes to implement impartial full-charge to ensure affordable bus fare.

Author Biographies

Sugiarto Sugiarto

Department of Civil Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Lulusi

Department of Civil Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Muhammad Isya

Department of Civil Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Fadhlullah Apriandy

Department of Civil Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Fuadh Ramadhan

Alumni, Department of Civil Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Published
2021-04-01
How to Cite
Sugiarto Sugiarto, Lulusi, Muhammad Isya, Fadhlullah Apriandy, & Fuadh Ramadhan. (2021). Understanding Household’s Travel Costs Budget Frontier in Banda Aceh, Indonesia . Communications - Scientific Letters of the University of Zilina, 23(2), A116-A124. https://doi.org/10.26552/com.C.2021.2.A116-A124
Section
Operation and Economics in Transport